RELX PLC (REN.AS)

Euronext Amsterdam
EUR
GB00B2B0DG97
1 August 1995  –  27 September 2022

Performance

Annualized Return
8.18%
Sharpe Ratio
0.42
Maximum Drawdown
-51.27%

Metrics

Metric RELX PLC
Initial Balance $10,000
Final Balance $84,680
Returns   [View more details]
Month-To-Date -4.94%
Year-To-Date -11.33%
3M -2.59%
6M -8.64%
Annual Return (3Y) 6.68%
Annual Return (5Y) 9.48%
Annual Return (All) 8.18%
Risk   [View more details]
Annual Volatility 26.79%
Max Drawdown -51.27%
Sharpe Ratio 0.42
Sortino Ratio 0.61
Adjusted Sortino (S/√2) 0.43

  • Initial balance: The amount of starting capital used to invest in the asset or portfolio. In this case, we're starting with a $10,000 investment on August 1995.
  • Final balance: The amount of capital we've accrued over time as of September 2022.
  • Annual return: Also known as annualized return, or CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), measures how much an investment has increased on average each year, during a specific time period. The time period in this case is approximately 27 year(s). Even a small difference in return can have a big impact on the final balance over a long period of time.
  • Annual volatility: Basically indicates how much, in percentage points, the investment can deviate from its annual return, under most circumstances. An investment with an annual return of 5% and an annual volatility of 10% would indicate returns from approximately -5% to 15% most of the time. A lower volatility is usually preferred to ensure more steady returns over time.
  • Best year: The best performance attained over its lifetime in a given year.
  • Worst year: The worst performance undergone over its lifetime in a given year.
  • Max drawdown: The largest percentage drop from a peak to a trough of an asset or portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period.
  • Sharpe Ratio: The Sharpe ratio measures the performance of an investment compared to a risk-free asset, after adjusting for its risk. A Sharpe Ratio above 1 is considered good.
  • Sortino Ratio: The Sortino Ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that only penalizes the investment for negative volatility/outcomes, and not for positive volatility. A Sortino Ratio above 1 is considered good.
  • Adjusted Sortino Ratio: Sortino Ratio/√2. To allow for comparing the Sortino ratio to the Sharpe ratio, we multiply the risk measure of the Sortino ratio by the square root of 2 (which is the same as dividing the Sortino ratio by the square root of 2).
  • Ulcer Index: The Ulcer Index (UI) is a technical indicator that measures downside risk in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines.
  • Gain to Pain Ratio: The sum of all returns divided by the absolute value of the sum of all negative returns. In essence, the GPR shows the ratio of net returns to the losses incurred in getting those returns.

Annualized Returns

Annual Return 1y Annual Return 3y Annual Return 5y Annual Return 10y Annual Return 20y Annual Return
RELX PLC -1.53% 6.68% 9.48% 16.87% 9.18% 8.18%

Annual Returns

Year RELX PLC
1995 8.63%
1996 36.45%
1997 12.33%
1998 -19.82%
1999 -0.62%
2000 34.78%
2001 -13.53%
2002 -10.38%
2003 -12.87%
2004 4.67%
2005 23.02%
2006 12.93%
2007 8.97%
2008 -37.5%
2009 7.3%
2010 12.7%
2011 1.57%
2012 30.46%
2013 42.72%
2014 33.33%
2015 24.53%
2016 5.16%
2017 22.81%
2018 -3.81%
2019 27.64%
2020 -8.74%
2021 45.36%
2022 -11.33%

RELX PLC had 19 positive years and 9 negative years. That's a positive ratio of 68%.

Monthly Returns

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YTD
1995 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 5.6% -1.4% -0.5% 8.3% -3.2% 9.1%
1996 8.4% 0.4% 6.4% 0% 6.9% -2.3% -3.1% 5.2% 7.2% -0.4% 4.3% -0.7% 32.5%
1997 -3.1% 7.4% 0.3% 2.3% 4.2% 0.9% 11.3% -15.6% -6.2% 5.5% 10.2% -2.4% 17.1%
1998 6.4% 10.3% -10.6% -11.3% 2.6% -1.9% 3.6% -23% 14.3% -6.1% -4.6% 4.8% -16.3%
1999 15.6% 7.2% -6.8% 2.5% -12.4% -9.3% 5.3% -8% -11.5% -6.4% 8.3% 21.3% 5.9%
2000 0.6% -7.8% -3.6% 0.9% -4.6% 26.1% -5.8% 14.7% -6.8% 18.5% -3.5% 7.8% 40.6%
2001 -4.2% 2.1% -4.3% 6.6% -6% 1.3% -5.2% -0.5% -7.1% 0.8% 0.1% 2.8% -7.7%
2002 2.3% 9% 3.8% 1.7% -5.5% -5.2% -9.1% 3.8% -6.5% 4.1% -1.1% -6.4% -5.8%
2003 -12.3% -6.8% -3.1% 12.9% -0.5% 1.2% -3.8% 2.5% -3.4% -1.2% 5.6% -2.7% -6.1%
2004 4% 7.8% -2.7% 9.1% 0.2% 0.2% -8% 1.5% -3% -0.7% -2.1% -0.5% 6.5%
2005 3.2% 9.6% 2.6% -4.3% 3.1% 2.6% -2.5% 3.1% 1.4% -2.1% 0.5% 4.4% 21.9%
2006 -1.9% -2% 4.3% 1.6% -3.2% 3.4% -0.2% 7.7% 5% 2.4% -5.6% 1.6% 13.3%
2007 4% -0.6% -0.9% 6.7% 7.2% -4.5% -3.9% -1.8% 0.6% 0.2% -5.8% 8.5% 10.8%
2008 -12.6% 1.3% -2.3% 3.4% -1.5% -10.7% -0.6% 8.5% -7.9% -0.9% -11.3% -9.1% -37.7%
2009 3.1% 2.1% -9% 7.4% 1.8% -7.8% -6.2% 1.9% 4.3% 3% -2.4% 11% 12.2%
2010 1.5% -3.6% 6.9% 3.3% -5.5% 7.3% 8.9% -3.8% -2.1% 1.2% -3.8% 3.1% 13.8%
2011 2.4% 0.5% -5% 0.8% 5.6% -1% 0.5% -6.4% -4.3% 8.3% -1.7% 2.8% 4.4%
2012 1% 1.8% 3.4% -3.5% -5.8% 7.4% 5.9% 10.2% 0.2% -0.4% 7.1% 0.7% 28%
2013 2.3% 1.7% 14.8% -5.3% 2.9% 0.9% 12.5% -4.2% 8.8% -0.2% 6% -2% 37%
2014 -0.7% 3.9% -1.2% -3.9% 11.7% 2% 0.4% 4.1% 3.6% 2.2% 7.7% 0.4% 30%
2015 9.6% 2.1% 4.5% -5.2% 2.5% -3.6% 9.7% -8.8% 6.1% 6.7% 5.4% -4.6% 24.3%
2016 -1.7% -1.3% 1.2% -2.6% 6.3% 0.2% 3.6% -0.9% 0.6% -3.9% -0.9% 4.9% 7.2%
2017 -2.3% 7.1% 3.8% 4% 4% -2.5% -1.2% -0.1% 2.1% 7.7% -0.8% -0.4% 21.2%
2018 -6.5% -5.9% -0.1% 6.6% 6% -2.2% 1.8% 3.4% -5.2% -3.5% 5.3% -2.3% -2.3%
2019 7.5% 4.5% -5.6% 7.4% 3.4% 2.1% 0.8% 2% 0.3% -1.2% 1.9% 2.2% 26.5%
2020 6.5% -9.4% -9.6% 7.3% 0.5% -0.9% -12% 4.9% 0.9% -10.6% 14.7% 2.7% -2.9%
2021 2.7% -5.2% 9.8% 2.7% -1.2% 5% 11.3% 2.4% -1.9% 7.3% 2.1% 4.1% 38.8%
2022 -4.8% -0% 4% 2% -6.3% -3.2% 12% -9.2% -4.9% 0% 0% 0% -10%
Pos 63% 63% 48.1% 73.1% 59.3% 51.9% 51.9% 57.1% 50% 48.1% 55.6% 59.3% 71.4%
Avg 1.1% 1.3% 0% 2% 0.6% 0.2% 1% -0% -0.6% 1.1% 1.6% 1.8% 11.2%

Other Return Metrics

Metric RELX PLC
Cumulative Return 746.8%
Enh Ann Return 10.34%
Best Year 45.36%
Worst Year -37.5%
Best Month 26.14%
Worst Month -22.96%
Best Day 16.55%
Worst Day -14.36%
Win Ratio (Yearly) 67.86%
Win Ratio (Quarterly) 64.22%
Win Ratio (Monthly) 56.62%
Win Ratio (Daily) 51.69%

Annual Volatility

Annual Volatility 1y Annual Volatility 3y Annual Volatility 5y Annual Volatility 10y Annual Volatility 20y Annual Volatility
RELX PLC 21.37% 25.78% 23.01% 20.49% 23.72% 26.79%

Sharpe Ratio

Sharpe Ratio 1y Sharpe Ratio 3y Sharpe Ratio 5y Sharpe Ratio 10y Sharpe Ratio 20y Sharpe Ratio
RELX PLC 0.04 0.37 0.5 0.85 0.48 0.42

3-Year Rolling Sharpe Ratio

The rolling Sharpe Ratio gives a clue about the continued consistency or stability of the risk-adjusted returns.

Drawdown Periods

Simply said, a drawdown is the "pain" period experienced by an investor between a peak (new highs) and subsequent valley (a low point before moving higher). In the table below are the fifth largest drawdowns encountered for the portfolio/asset in question.

RELX PLC

start valley end Drawdown days
1998-02-24 2003-03-12 2007-05-07 -51.27% 3359
2007-06-04 2009-08-17 2013-03-05 -48.17% 2101
2020-02-20 2020-03-23 2021-07-13 -37.11% 509
1997-07-24 1997-10-09 1998-02-23 -26.94% 214
2022-04-19 2022-06-14 - -17.74% 161

The RELX PLC took approximately 42 months on average to recover from a major drawdown. The longest drawdown lasted 112 months.

Underwater plot

The underwater plot shows you the drawdown periods on a chart. Whereas the performance chart usually gives you a positive viewpoint, the underwater plot gives you a pessimistic viewpoint. It helps you to visualize downtrends that occurred and how long it took for the portfolio's value to rebound to hit a new high after suffering a loss.

Other Risk Metrics

Metric RELX PLC
Sharpe Ratio 0.42
Sortino Ratio 0.61
Adjusted Sortino (S/√2) 0.43
Calmar Ratio 0.16
Omega Ratio 0.16
Gain to Pain Ratio 0.08
Winckel Ratio 57.14
Ulcer Index 0.22
Kelly Criterion 3.89%
Skew 0.08
Kurtosis 7.36
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