Nasdaq-100 (NASDAQ.X)

New York Stock Exchange
USD
5 February 1971  –  13 May 2022

Performance

Annualized Return
12.1%
Sharpe Ratio
0.61
Maximum Drawdown
-82.97%

Metrics

Metric Nasdaq-100
Initial Balance $10,000
Final Balance $3,498,215
Returns   [View more details]
Month-To-Date -3.61%
Year-To-Date -24.01%
3M -17.56%
6M -22.29%
Annual Return (3Y) 19.91%
Annual Return (5Y) 17.73%
Annual Return (All) 12.1%
Risk   [View more details]
Annual Volatility 22.81%
Max Drawdown -82.97%
Sharpe Ratio 0.61
Sortino Ratio 0.87
Adjusted Sortino (S/√2) 0.62

  • Initial balance: The amount of starting capital used to invest in the asset or portfolio. In this case, we're starting with a $10,000 investment on February 1971.
  • Final balance: The amount of capital we've accrued over time as of May 2022.
  • Annual return: Also known as annualized return, or CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), measures how much an investment has increased on average each year, during a specific time period. The time period in this case is approximately 51 year(s). Even a small difference in return can have a big impact on the final balance over a long period of time.
  • Annual volatility: Basically indicates how much, in percentage points, the investment can deviate from its annual return, under most circumstances. An investment with an annual return of 5% and an annual volatility of 10% would indicate returns from approximately -5% to 15% most of the time. A lower volatility is usually preferred to ensure more steady returns over time.
  • Best year: The best performance attained over its lifetime in a given year.
  • Worst year: The worst performance undergone over its lifetime in a given year.
  • Max drawdown: The largest percentage drop from a peak to a trough of an asset or portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period.
  • Sharpe Ratio: The Sharpe ratio measures the performance of an investment compared to a risk-free asset, after adjusting for its risk. A Sharpe Ratio above 1 is considered good.
  • Sortino Ratio: The Sortino Ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that only penalizes the investment for negative volatility/outcomes, and not for positive volatility. A Sortino Ratio above 1 is considered good.
  • Adjusted Sortino Ratio: Sortino Ratio/√2. To allow for comparing the Sortino ratio to the Sharpe ratio, we multiply the risk measure of the Sortino ratio by the square root of 2 (which is the same as dividing the Sortino ratio by the square root of 2).
  • Ulcer Index: The Ulcer Index (UI) is a technical indicator that measures downside risk in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines.
  • Gain to Pain Ratio: The sum of all returns divided by the absolute value of the sum of all negative returns. In essence, the GPR shows the ratio of net returns to the losses incurred in getting those returns.

Annualized Returns

Annual Return 1y Annual Return 3y Annual Return 5y Annual Return 10y Annual Return 20y Annual Return
Nasdaq-100 -4.26% 19.91% 17.73% 18.01% 12.53% 12.1%

Annual Returns

Year Nasdaq-100
1971 14.12%
1972 17.18%
1973 -31.06%
1974 -35.11%
1975 29.76%
1976 26.1%
1977 7.33%
1978 12.31%
1979 28.11%
1980 33.88%
1981 -3.21%
1982 18.67%
1983 19.87%
1984 -11.31%
1985 34.54%
1986 6.89%
1987 10.5%
1988 13.54%
1989 26.17%
1990 -10.41%
1991 64.99%
1992 8.86%
1993 10.58%
1994 1.5%
1995 42.54%
1996 42.54%
1997 20.63%
1998 85.3%
1999 98.79%
2000 -36.13%
2001 -33.35%
2002 -37.37%
2003 49.67%
2004 10.53%
2005 1.58%
2006 7.14%
2007 19.02%
2008 -41.73%
2009 54.7%
2010 19.91%
2011 3.38%
2012 18.12%
2013 36.63%
2014 19.18%
2015 9.45%
2016 7.1%
2017 32.66%
2018 -0.12%
2019 38.96%
2020 48.62%
2021 27.42%
2022 -24.01%

Nasdaq-100 had 41 positive years and 11 negative years. That's a positive ratio of 79%.

Monthly Returns

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YTD
1971 0% 1.3% 4.6% 6% -3.6% -0.4% -2.3% 3% 0.6% -3.6% -1.1% 9.8% 13.6%
1972 4.2% 5.5% 2.2% 2.5% 0.9% -1.8% -1.8% 1.7% -0.3% 0.5% 2.1% 0.6% 16.2%
1973 -4% -6.2% -2.5% -8.2% -4.8% -1.6% 7.6% -3.5% 6% -0.9% -15.1% -1.4% -36.2%
1974 3% -0.6% -2.2% -5.9% -7.7% -5.3% -7.9% -10.9% -10.7% 17.2% -3.5% -5% -41.6%
1975 16.6% 4.6% 3.6% 3.8% 5.8% 4.7% -4.4% -5% -5.9% 3.6% 2.4% -1.5% 26.9%
1976 12.1% 3.7% 0.4% -0.6% -2.3% 2.6% 1.1% -1.7% 1.7% -1% 0.9% 7.4% 23.6%
1977 -2.4% -1% -0.5% 1.4% 0.1% 4.3% 0.9% -0.5% 0.7% -3.3% 5.8% 1.8% 7.3%
1978 -4% 0.6% 4.7% 8.5% 4.4% 0% 5% 6.9% -1.6% -16.4% 3.2% 2.9% 12.3%
1979 6.6% -2.6% 7.5% 1.6% -1.8% 5.1% 2.3% 6.4% -0.3% -9.6% 6.4% 4.8% 25.3%
1980 7% -2.3% -17.1% 6.9% 7.5% 4.9% 8.9% 5.7% 3.4% 2.7% 8% -2.8% 30.5%
1981 -2.2% 0.1% 6.1% 3.1% 3.1% -3.5% -1.9% -7.5% -8% 8.4% 3.1% -2.7% -2.5%
1982 -3.8% -4.8% -2.1% 5.2% -3.3% -4.1% -2.3% 6.2% 5.6% 13.3% 9.3% 0% 18%
1983 6.9% 5% 3.9% 8.2% 5.3% 3.2% -4.6% -3.8% 1.4% -7.4% 4.1% -2.5% 18.8%
1984 -3.7% -5.9% -0.7% -1.3% -5.9% 2.9% -4.2% 10.9% -1.8% -1.2% -1.9% 1.9% -11.1%
1985 12.8% 2% -1.8% 0.5% 3.6% 1.9% 1.7% -1.2% -5.8% 3.5% 9.2% 4.9% 30.2%
1986 0.5% 5.6% 6% 4.1% 5.3% -0.3% -11% 4.8% -9.4% 5.1% 2.4% -4.4% 7.8%
1987 17.9% 9.6% 1.8% -0.7% 2.1% 0.2% 3.8% 6.7% -1.9% -27% -8.6% 13.9% 15.8%
1988 1.8% 8.5% 0.4% 1.5% -1.5% 9% -4.2% -5.6% 4.9% -2.6% -3.2% 4.9% 14.2%
1989 5.1% -1.4% 1.1% 7.9% 7% -4.6% 4.7% 3.6% 2% -1.7% 0.8% -0.3% 24.2%
1990 -9.8% 3% 2.5% -3.4% 14.7% 1% -6.3% -13.3% -8.6% -2.5% 11.6% 4.1% -8.6%
1991 15.9% 7.6% 5.9% -0.5% 5.8% -8.9% 7.1% 5.6% 0% 1.7% -2.6% 16.2% 52.3%
1992 2.3% 2.2% -6.6% -4.7% 2.4% -4.5% 3.2% -3.7% 4.7% 5.1% 6.6% 2.6% 10.4%
1993 2.9% -5.2% 2.4% -5.4% 8.3% -0.5% -3.6% 5.6% 2.7% 2.2% -1.1% 3% 11.5%
1994 3.9% -0.4% -7.1% -2.5% 1.5% -4.9% 2.7% 7.5% -1% 4.9% -2% -0.1% 2.9%
1995 0.3% 6.7% 3.4% 5% 3.9% 10.2% 5.7% 1.4% 1.4% 2.3% -0.8% -2.9% 37.9%
1996 2.7% 5.2% -2.1% 9.4% 3.8% -2.2% -6.1% 4.3% 11.2% 2% 10.9% -1.5% 38%
1997 12.2% -7.7% -6.3% 9.7% 9.6% -0.2% 15.6% -3% 2.2% -7.1% 3% -5.7% 22.4%
1998 8.1% 11.5% 2.2% 2.2% -4.5% 12.2% 3% -17.2% 18% 4.1% 11.2% 17.8% 67%
1999 15.9% -9.5% 8.8% 2.4% -3.1% 10.8% -1.8% 5.5% 0.8% 9.2% 12.5% 23.5% 74.1%
2000 -1.9% 19% 2.6% -13.5% -11.9% 11.9% -4.3% 14% -13% -7.9% -22.9% -7.3% -28%
2001 10.1% -26.2% -17.5% 17.9% -3.1% 2.2% -8.6% -13.4% -19.9% 17% 17% -1.9% -26%
2002 -1% -12.3% 6.7% -12% -5.3% -13.1% -8.6% -1.5% -11.8% 18.5% 12.9% -12.1% -38.1%
2003 0.3% 2.9% 0.4% 8.7% 8.5% 0.5% 6.2% 5% -2.9% 8.5% 0.6% 3.1% 43.4%
2004 1.7% -1.3% -2% -3% 5.1% 3.3% -7.6% -2.5% 3.3% 5% 6% 3% 11.5%
2005 -6.3% -0.5% -1.7% -4.3% 8.9% -3.3% 7.6% -1.5% 1.2% -1.5% 6.1% -1.8% 2.5%
2006 3.9% -2.1% 2.1% -0.2% -7.2% -0.1% -4.3% 4.8% 4.6% 4.7% 3.4% -1.9% 8.1%
2007 2.1% -1.7% 0.5% 5.6% 3.2% 0.5% -0.1% 2.8% 5.3% 7% -6.8% -0.1% 19.1%
2008 -11.9% -4.8% 1.9% 8% 5.9% -9.6% 0.6% 1.5% -15.6% -15.5% -11.5% 2.3% -46%
2009 -2.3% -5.3% 10.3% 13.1% 3.2% 3% 8.4% 1.5% 5.6% -3.1% 6.3% 5.2% 46.9%
2010 -6.5% 4.6% 7.7% 2.2% -7.4% -6.2% 7.3% -5.1% 13.2% 6.3% -0.2% 4.8% 20%
2011 2.8% 3.2% -0.4% 2.9% -1.2% -2% 1.7% -5.1% -4.5% 10.4% -2.7% -0.7% 6.1%
2012 8.4% 6.4% 5.1% -1.2% -7% 3.6% 1% 5.2% 0.9% -5.3% 1.3% -0.5% 17.8%
2013 2.7% 0.3% 3% 2.5% 3.6% -2.4% 6.3% -0.4% 4.8% 4.9% 3.6% 2.9% 32%
2014 -1.9% 5.1% -2.7% -0.3% 4.5% 3.1% 1.2% 5% -0.8% 2.6% 4.5% -2.2% 18.5%
2015 -2.1% 7.2% -2.4% 1.9% 2.2% -2.5% 4.6% -6.8% -2.2% 11.4% 0.6% -1.6% 10.6%
2016 -6.9% -1.6% 6.9% -3.2% 4.4% -2.3% 7.2% 1.1% 2.2% -1.5% 0.4% 1.1% 8.2%
2017 5.1% 4.4% 2% 2.7% 3.9% -2.3% 4.1% 2.1% -0.3% 4.6% 2% 0.6% 28.8%
2018 8.8% -1.3% -4.1% 0.5% 5.7% 1.1% 2.8% 5.8% -0.3% -8.6% -0.3% -8.7% 2.5%
2019 9% 3% 3.9% 5.5% -8.2% 7.6% 2.3% -1.9% 0.9% 4.4% 4.1% 3.9% 34.2%
2020 3% -6.1% -7.3% 15% 6.6% 6.3% 7.3% 10.9% -5.6% -3% 11.2% 4.9% 46.1%
2021 0.3% -0.1% 1.7% 5.9% -1.2% 6.3% 2.9% 4.2% -5.7% 7.9% 2% 1.2% 25.9%
2022 -8.7% -4.5% 4.7% -13.6% -3.6% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% -25.4%
Pos 66.7% 51.9% 63.5% 63.5% 61.5% 52.9% 60.8% 56.9% 52.9% 58.8% 68.6% 54.9% 80.8%
Avg 2.7% 0.5% 0.8% 1.9% 1.3% 0.7% 1% 0.7% -0.6% 1.3% 2.2% 1.6% 13.8%

Other Return Metrics

Metric Nasdaq-100
Cumulative Return 34882.15%
Enh Ann Return 15.16%
Best Year 98.79%
Worst Year -41.73%
Best Month 23.51%
Worst Month -26.98%
Best Day 16.84%
Worst Day -15.08%
Win Ratio (Yearly) 78.85%
Win Ratio (Quarterly) 68.93%
Win Ratio (Monthly) 59.42%
Win Ratio (Daily) 55.35%

Annual Volatility

Annual Volatility 1y Annual Volatility 3y Annual Volatility 5y Annual Volatility 10y Annual Volatility 20y Annual Volatility
Nasdaq-100 23.73% 26.95% 24.08% 20.01% 22.43% 22.81%

Sharpe Ratio

Sharpe Ratio 1y Sharpe Ratio 3y Sharpe Ratio 5y Sharpe Ratio 10y Sharpe Ratio 20y Sharpe Ratio
Nasdaq-100 -0.06 0.81 0.8 0.93 0.64 0.61

3-Year Rolling Sharpe Ratio

The rolling Sharpe Ratio gives a clue about the continued consistency or stability of the risk-adjusted returns.

Drawdown Periods

Simply said, a drawdown is the "pain" period experienced by an investor between a peak (new highs) and subsequent valley (a low point before moving higher). In the table below are the fifth largest drawdowns encountered for the portfolio/asset in question.

Nasdaq-100

start valley end Drawdown days
2000-03-28 2002-10-09 2015-02-20 -82.97% 5442
1973-01-12 1974-10-03 1978-09-07 -59.9% 2064
1987-10-06 1987-10-26 1989-05-26 -39.93% 598
1990-07-17 1990-10-11 1991-02-06 -32.9% 204
1983-06-27 1984-07-25 1985-12-13 -31.5% 900

The Nasdaq-100 took approximately 61 months on average to recover from a major drawdown. The longest drawdown lasted 181 months.

Underwater plot

The underwater plot shows you the drawdown periods on a chart. Whereas the performance chart usually gives you a positive viewpoint, the underwater plot gives you a pessimistic viewpoint. It helps you to visualize downtrends that occurred and how long it took for the portfolio's value to rebound to hit a new high after suffering a loss.

Other Risk Metrics

Metric Nasdaq-100
Sharpe Ratio 0.61
Sortino Ratio 0.87
Adjusted Sortino (S/√2) 0.62
Calmar Ratio 0.15
Omega Ratio 0.15
Gain to Pain Ratio 0.12
Winckel Ratio 61.54
Ulcer Index 0.34
Kelly Criterion 6.13%
Skew -0
Kurtosis 9.95
End of: