NASDAQ 100 (NDX.IX)

Indices
USD
1 October 1985  –  25 January 2022

Performance

Annualized Return
14.24%
Sharpe Ratio
0.64
Maximum Drawdown
-82.9%

Metrics

Metric NASDAQ 100
Initial Balance $10,000
Final Balance $1,261,737
Returns
Month-To-Date -13.3%
Year-To-Date -13.3%
3M -7.85%
6M -6.37%
Annual Return (1Y) 5.86%
Annual Return (3Y) 27.8%
Annual Return (5Y) 22.39%
Annual Return (10Y) 19.12%
Annual Return (All) 14.24%
Enh Ann Return 16.94%
Best Year 101.95%
Worst Year -41.89%
Risk
Annual Volatility 26.14%
Max Drawdown -82.9%
Sharpe Ratio 0.64
Sortino Ratio 0.92
Adjusted Sortino (S/√2) 0.65
Ulcer Index 0.38
Gain to Pain Ratio 0.13

  • Initial balance: The amount of starting capital used to invest in the asset or portfolio. In this case, we're starting with a $10,000 investment on October 1985.
  • Final balance: The amount of capital we've accrued over time as of January 2022.
  • Annual return: Also known as annualized return, or CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), measures how much an investment has increased on average each year, during a specific time period. The time period in this case is approximately 36 year(s). Even a small difference in return can have a big impact on the final balance over a long period of time.
  • Annual volatility: Basically indicates how much, in percentage points, the investment can deviate from its annual return, under most circumstances. An investment with an annual return of 5% and an annual volatility of 10% would indicate returns from approximately -5% to 15% most of the time. A lower volatility is usually preferred to ensure more steady returns over time.
  • Best year: The best performance attained over its lifetime in a given year.
  • Worst year: The worst performance undergone over its lifetime in a given year.
  • Max drawdown: The largest percentage drop from a peak to a trough of an asset or portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period.
  • Sharpe Ratio: The Sharpe ratio measures the performance of an investment compared to a risk-free asset, after adjusting for its risk. A Sharpe Ratio above 1 is considered good.
  • Sortino Ratio: The Sortino Ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that only penalizes the investment for negative volatility/outcomes, and not for positive volatility. A Sortino Ratio above 1 is considered good.
  • Adjusted Sortino Ratio: Sortino Ratio/√2. To allow for comparing the Sortino ratio to the Sharpe ratio, we multiply the risk measure of the Sortino ratio by the square root of 2 (which is the same as dividing the Sortino ratio by the square root of 2).
  • Ulcer Index: The Ulcer Index (UI) is a technical indicator that measures downside risk in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines.
  • Gain to Pain Ratio: The sum of all returns divided by the absolute value of the sum of all negative returns. In essence, the GPR shows the ratio of net returns to the losses incurred in getting those returns.

Chart

Table

Year NASDAQ 100
1985 17.97%
1986 6.89%
1987 10.5%
1988 13.54%
1989 26.17%
1990 -10.41%
1991 64.99%
1992 8.86%
1993 10.58%
1994 1.5%
1995 42.54%
1996 42.54%
1997 20.63%
1998 85.3%
1999 101.95%
2000 -36.84%
2001 -32.65%
2002 -37.58%
2003 49.12%
2004 10.44%
2005 1.49%
2006 6.79%
2007 18.67%
2008 -41.89%
2009 53.54%
2010 19.22%
2011 2.7%
2012 16.82%
2013 34.99%
2014 17.94%
2015 8.43%
2016 5.89%
2017 31.52%
2018 -1.04%
2019 37.96%
2020 47.58%
2021 26.63%
2022 -13.3%

NASDAQ 100 had 31 positive years and 7 negative years. That's a positive ratio of 82%.

Table

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YTD
1985 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 9.2% 4.9% 16.8%
1986 0.5% 5.6% 6% 4.1% 5.3% -0.3% -11% 4.8% -9.4% 5.1% 2.4% -4.4% 7.8%
1987 17.9% 9.6% 1.8% -0.7% 2.1% 0.2% 3.8% 6.7% -1.9% -27% -8.6% 13.9% 15.8%
1988 1.8% 8.5% 0.4% 1.5% -1.5% 9% -4.2% -5.6% 4.9% -2.6% -3.2% 4.9% 14.2%
1989 5.1% -1.4% 1.1% 7.9% 7% -4.6% 4.7% 3.6% 2% -1.7% 0.8% -0.3% 24.2%
1990 -9.8% 3% 2.5% -3.4% 14.7% 1% -6.3% -13.3% -8.6% -2.5% 11.6% 4.1% -8.6%
1991 15.9% 7.6% 5.9% -0.5% 5.8% -8.9% 7.1% 5.6% 0% 1.7% -2.6% 16.2% 52.3%
1992 2.3% 2.2% -6.6% -4.7% 2.4% -4.5% 3.2% -3.7% 4.7% 5.1% 6.6% 2.6% 10.4%
1993 2.9% -5.2% 2.4% -5.4% 8.3% -0.5% -3.6% 5.6% 2.7% 2.2% -1.1% 3% 11.5%
1994 3.9% -0.4% -7.1% -2.5% 1.5% -4.9% 2.7% 7.5% -1% 4.9% -2% -0.1% 2.9%
1995 0.3% 6.7% 3.4% 5% 3.9% 10.2% 5.7% 1.4% 1.4% 2.3% -0.8% -2.9% 37.9%
1996 2.7% 5.2% -2.1% 9.4% 3.8% -2.2% -6.1% 4.3% 11.2% 2% 10.9% -1.5% 38%
1997 12.2% -7.7% -6.3% 9.7% 9.6% -0.2% 15.6% -3% 2.2% -7.1% 3% -5.7% 22.4%
1998 8.1% 11.5% 2.2% 2.2% -4.5% 12.2% 3% -17.2% 18% 4.1% 11.2% 17.8% 67%
1999 15.9% -9.5% 9.4% 1.4% -2.2% 9.9% -1.1% 5.5% 0.5% 9.5% 12.5% 25% 75.9%
2000 -3.7% 19.5% 3.1% -14.2% -11.9% 13.2% -4.1% 13% -12.4% -8.1% -23.6% -6.6% -29.9%
2001 10.7% -26.4% -17.6% 17.9% -3% 1.7% -8% -12.7% -20.5% 16.8% 16.9% -1.2% -24.2%
2002 -1.7% -12.3% 6.9% -12.1% -5.4% -13% -8.5% -2% -11.7% 18.9% 12.8% -11.8% -37.9%
2003 -0.1% 2.7% 0.9% 8.6% 8.3% 0.3% 6.3% 5% -2.8% 8.6% 0.6% 3.1% 43.3%
2004 1.7% -1.5% -2.2% -2.6% 4.6% 3.4% -7.7% -2.3% 3.2% 5.2% 5.7% 3.2% 11.6%
2005 -6.3% -0.6% -1.9% -4.2% 8.6% -3.2% 7.5% -1.5% 1.3% -1.4% 5.9% -1.6% 2.4%
2006 4% -2.3% 2% -0.2% -7.1% -0.3% -4.2% 4.7% 4.7% 4.7% 3.4% -1.9% 7.8%
2007 2% -1.7% 0.6% 5.4% 3.2% 0.3% -0.1% 2.9% 5.1% 7.1% -6.7% -0.2% 18.9%
2008 -11.7% -5.2% 2.1% 7.6% 6% -9.6% 0.7% 1.3% -14.8% -16.3% -11.2% 2.2% -45.3%
2009 -2.6% -5.4% 10.7% 12.7% 3% 2.9% 8.5% 1.4% 5.8% -3% 6% 5.3% 46.4%
2010 -6.4% 4.5% 7.7% 2.2% -7.4% -6.1% 7.2% -5.2% 13% 6.3% -0.3% 4.7% 19.5%
2011 2.9% 3% -0.5% 2.8% -1.3% -2% 1.6% -5.2% -4.5% 10.3% -2.7% -0.8% 5.5%
2012 8.3% 6.3% 5% -1.1% -7.3% 3.6% 1% 4.9% 1% -5.4% 1.1% -0.6% 16.7%
2013 2.7% 0.3% 2.9% 2.4% 3.3% -2.4% 6.2% -0.5% 4.7% 5% 3.3% 3% 30.8%
2014 -2% 4.9% -2.7% -0.4% 4.3% 3% 1.1% 4.9% -0.8% 2.7% 4.3% -2.3% 17.5%
2015 -2.1% 7% -2.4% 1.9% 2.1% -2.5% 4.4% -6.8% -2.2% 11.2% 0.3% -1.5% 9.7%
2016 -6.8% -1.8% 6.7% -3.2% 4.2% -2.3% 7.1% 0.9% 2.2% -1.5% 0.2% 1.1% 7%
2017 5.2% 4.2% 2% 2.7% 3.7% -2.5% 4.1% 1.8% -0.2% 4.5% 1.9% 0.5% 27.9%
2018 8.7% -1.4% -4% 0.4% 5.5% 1% 2.7% 5.8% -0.4% -8.7% -0.3% -8.9% 1.5%
2019 9.1% 2.8% 4% 5.5% -8.4% 7.6% 2.3% -2% 0.8% 4.3% 4% 3.9% 33.5%
2020 3% -5.9% -7.7% 15.2% 6.2% 6.3% 7.4% 11% -5.7% -3.2% 11% 5.1% 45.6%
2021 0.3% -0.1% 1.4% 5.9% -1.3% 6.3% 2.8% 4.2% -5.7% 7.9% 1.8% 1.1% 25.3%
2022 -13.3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% -14%
Pos 67.6% 52.8% 66.7% 61.1% 66.7% 50% 66.7% 61.1% 55.6% 64.9% 67.6% 54.1% 84.2%
Avg 2.2% 0.7% 0.8% 2.1% 1.8% 0.6% 1.4% 0.7% -0.4% 1.8% 2.3% 2% 16%

Drawdown Periods

Simply said, a drawdown is the "pain" period experienced by an investor between a peak (new highs) and subsequent valley (a low point before moving higher). In the table below are the fifth largest drawdowns encountered for the portfolio/asset in question.

NASDAQ 100

start valley end Drawdown days
2000-03-28 2002-10-07 2015-11-03 -82.9% 5698
1987-10-06 1987-10-26 1989-05-26 -39.93% 598
1990-07-17 1990-10-11 1991-02-06 -32.9% 204
2020-02-20 2020-03-20 2020-06-05 -28.03% 106
1998-07-21 1998-10-08 1998-11-09 -22.99% 111

The NASDAQ 100 took approximately 45 months on average to recover from a major drawdown.

Underwater plot

The underwater plot shows you the drawdown periods on a chart. Whereas the performance chart usually gives you a positive viewpoint, the underwater plot gives you a pessimistic viewpoint. It helps you to visualize downtrends that occurred and how long it took for the portfolio's value to rebound to hit a new high after suffering a loss.

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