POSCO (PKX)

New York Stock Exchange
USD
US6934831099
14 October 1994  –  20 May 2022

Performance

Annualized Return
3.88%
Sharpe Ratio
0.3
Maximum Drawdown
-82.19%

Metrics

Metric POSCO
Initial Balance $10,000
Final Balance $28,609
Returns   [View more details]
Month-To-Date 0.46%
Year-To-Date -2.26%
3M -3.73%
6M -1.47%
Annual Return (3Y) 5.51%
Annual Return (5Y) -1.23%
Annual Return (All) 3.88%
Risk   [View more details]
Annual Volatility 43.75%
Max Drawdown -82.19%
Sharpe Ratio 0.3
Sortino Ratio 0.45
Adjusted Sortino (S/√2) 0.32

  • Initial balance: The amount of starting capital used to invest in the asset or portfolio. In this case, we're starting with a $10,000 investment on October 1994.
  • Final balance: The amount of capital we've accrued over time as of May 2022.
  • Annual return: Also known as annualized return, or CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), measures how much an investment has increased on average each year, during a specific time period. The time period in this case is approximately 28 year(s). Even a small difference in return can have a big impact on the final balance over a long period of time.
  • Annual volatility: Basically indicates how much, in percentage points, the investment can deviate from its annual return, under most circumstances. An investment with an annual return of 5% and an annual volatility of 10% would indicate returns from approximately -5% to 15% most of the time. A lower volatility is usually preferred to ensure more steady returns over time.
  • Best year: The best performance attained over its lifetime in a given year.
  • Worst year: The worst performance undergone over its lifetime in a given year.
  • Max drawdown: The largest percentage drop from a peak to a trough of an asset or portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period.
  • Sharpe Ratio: The Sharpe ratio measures the performance of an investment compared to a risk-free asset, after adjusting for its risk. A Sharpe Ratio above 1 is considered good.
  • Sortino Ratio: The Sortino Ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that only penalizes the investment for negative volatility/outcomes, and not for positive volatility. A Sortino Ratio above 1 is considered good.
  • Adjusted Sortino Ratio: Sortino Ratio/√2. To allow for comparing the Sortino ratio to the Sharpe ratio, we multiply the risk measure of the Sortino ratio by the square root of 2 (which is the same as dividing the Sortino ratio by the square root of 2).
  • Ulcer Index: The Ulcer Index (UI) is a technical indicator that measures downside risk in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines.
  • Gain to Pain Ratio: The sum of all returns divided by the absolute value of the sum of all negative returns. In essence, the GPR shows the ratio of net returns to the losses incurred in getting those returns.

Annualized Returns

Annual Return 1y Annual Return 3y Annual Return 5y Annual Return 10y Annual Return 20y Annual Return
POSCO -30.71% 5.51% -1.23% -1.34% 5.85% 3.88%

Annual Returns

Year POSCO
1994 -21.3%
1995 -23.48%
1996 -7.18%
1997 -10.3%
1998 -0.72%
1999 111.22%
2000 -53.33%
2001 53.43%
2002 9.95%
2003 42.18%
2004 36.05%
2005 15.12%
2006 71.3%
2007 85.33%
2008 -48.87%
2009 76.78%
2010 -16.13%
2011 -21.8%
2012 2.28%
2013 -2.66%
2014 -15.91%
2015 -42.14%
2016 53.74%
2017 51.82%
2018 -29.68%
2019 -7.86%
2020 23.09%
2021 -6.45%
2022 -2.26%

POSCO had 13 positive years and 16 negative years. That's a positive ratio of 45%.

Monthly Returns

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YTD
1994 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% -11.7% -3.4% -7.7% -21.5%
1995 -20.9% 10.2% 13.3% -4.3% 2.2% 4.4% 13.6% -6% 4.4% -21.7% -4.9% -8.6% -19.9%
1996 1.7% 12.4% 3% 8.7% -9.4% -6.9% 1.1% -12.6% 3.6% -1.2% -7.6% 2.8% -2.3%
1997 15.8% -14.8% 21.8% 1.6% 20.2% 10.3% -10.9% -9.2% -0.5% -36.9% 3.1% 5.8% 4.6%
1998 35.8% -2.4% -16.2% -8.1% -17.9% -18% 10.4% -16% 24.1% 30.3% -16.7% 15.4% 22.7%
1999 11.1% -16.6% 14.4% 44% -1.7% 32.9% 5.6% 3.2% -14.5% 6.6% 9% -2% 94.9%
2000 0.7% -28.7% 9.4% -23.2% -1.2% 15.9% -9.6% -2% -12.3% -15.1% -8.7% 12.2% -56.4%
2001 35% 6.7% -19.9% 11.5% 1.7% -2.3% -14.4% 3.1% -9.8% 9.2% 23.6% 11.7% 54.5%
2002 7% 12.6% -5.7% -6.5% 15.5% -3.2% -10% -6.9% -5.6% 7.2% 11.7% -2.4% 16.5%
2003 3.1% -9.4% -14.7% 4.3% 11.7% 14.9% 16.5% -1.6% -4.7% 1.3% 3% 17% 41.3%
2004 0.6% 9.1% -5.1% -13.1% 3.4% 6.2% 8.3% -0.3% 4.6% -1.2% 26.3% -2.9% 36.8%
2005 1.1% 20.6% -9% -7.8% -1.3% -1.2% 13.5% 4.7% 8.2% -9.3% -3% 2.1% 18%
2006 15.9% 1.8% 9.2% 10.5% -8.8% 4.8% -7.7% 0.6% 4.5% 8.6% 11.8% 6.8% 59%
2007 6.7% 5.1% 12.1% 0.8% 13.9% 1.2% 18.7% 7.6% 16.6% 2.8% -14.1% -3.5% 72.6%
2008 -9.9% -0.1% -12.1% 3.7% 10.7% -4.6% 2.2% -19.3% -12.8% -28% -14% 32.5% -28.1%
2009 -15.6% -21% 33.2% 15.2% 9% -1.1% 22.3% -9.5% 13.6% -1.8% 16.7% 11.2% 69.8%
2010 -13.8% 2.2% 1.3% -4.1% -14.1% -1.6% 10.3% -2.9% 12.9% -8.8% -5.3% 11.1% -10.8%
2011 -5.2% 0.9% 10.9% -3.5% -7.5% 7.1% 1.1% -13.4% -20.1% 13% -0.3% -2.2% -17.8%
2012 11.8% 0.8% -9.5% -0.5% -9% 6.8% -1.1% 2.5% 0% -3.9% -5.1% 12.2% 4.6%
2013 -0.8% -0.9% -8.7% -2.3% -1.9% -7.2% 10.1% 0.5% 2.2% 1.1% 4.1% 2.5% -0.8%
2014 -12.8% -2.1% 4.3% 6% -3.8% 5.9% 8.6% 2.4% -8.3% -5.7% -5% -4.2% -14.1%
2015 -8.7% 4.1% -9.9% 8.1% -7.3% -9.6% -15.4% -2.7% -13.3% 14.3% -9% 0.6% -49.6%
2016 4.9% 8.8% 17.2% 9.9% -16.1% 2.8% 13.9% 0.6% 0.5% 1.7% 2.8% 0.7% 49.6%
2017 10.1% 7.2% 5.1% -8.5% 6.5% 0.6% 20% 0.7% -8.2% 5.2% 4.5% 2.5% 45.9%
2018 14.5% -8.1% -4.1% 7.6% -7% -6.1% -1% -1.1% -9% -12.7% -4.2% -0.5% -29.8%
2019 9.6% -3.2% -5.3% -0.1% -9.9% 6.7% -11.7% -6.9% 8.1% -4.8% 7.1% 5.2% -4.6%
2020 -12.3% -9.3% -19% 14% -0.8% 0.4% 8% -3.4% 8.3% 10.6% 15.2% 16.8% 32.6%
2021 -12.1% 11.5% 18.2% 12.8% -1.6% -4.2% 2.9% -9.6% -3.4% -8.3% -12.8% 5.7% -1%
2022 -3% 4.9% -0.1% -4.3% 0.5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% -0.1%
Pos 60.7% 57.1% 50% 53.6% 39.3% 55.6% 66.7% 37% 51.9% 46.4% 46.4% 67.9% 51.7%
Avg 2.5% 0.1% 1.2% 2.6% -0.8% 2% 3.9% -3.6% -0.4% -2.1% 0.9% 5% 12.6%

Other Return Metrics

Metric POSCO
Cumulative Return 186.09%
Enh Ann Return 9.79%
Best Year 111.22%
Worst Year -53.33%
Best Month 44.02%
Worst Month -36.89%
Best Day 31.08%
Worst Day -21.04%
Win Ratio (Yearly) 44.83%
Win Ratio (Quarterly) 54.95%
Win Ratio (Monthly) 52.71%
Win Ratio (Daily) 50.72%

Annual Volatility

Annual Volatility 1y Annual Volatility 3y Annual Volatility 5y Annual Volatility 10y Annual Volatility 20y Annual Volatility
POSCO 31.01% 37.93% 34.87% 31.87% 39.36% 43.75%

Sharpe Ratio

Sharpe Ratio 1y Sharpe Ratio 3y Sharpe Ratio 5y Sharpe Ratio 10y Sharpe Ratio 20y Sharpe Ratio
POSCO -1.02 0.33 0.14 0.12 0.34 0.3

3-Year Rolling Sharpe Ratio

The rolling Sharpe Ratio gives a clue about the continued consistency or stability of the risk-adjusted returns.

Drawdown Periods

Simply said, a drawdown is the "pain" period experienced by an investor between a peak (new highs) and subsequent valley (a low point before moving higher). In the table below are the fifth largest drawdowns encountered for the portfolio/asset in question.

POSCO

start valley end Drawdown days
2007-10-03 2020-03-23 - -82.19% 5343
1994-10-17 1998-07-13 1999-07-01 -70.53% 1718
2000-01-06 2000-10-23 2004-03-01 -67.79% 1516
2004-04-12 2004-05-10 2004-09-09 -28.3% 150
2006-05-12 2006-06-12 2006-11-08 -24.65% 180

The POSCO took approximately 59 months on average to recover from a major drawdown. The longest drawdown lasted 178 months.

Underwater plot

The underwater plot shows you the drawdown periods on a chart. Whereas the performance chart usually gives you a positive viewpoint, the underwater plot gives you a pessimistic viewpoint. It helps you to visualize downtrends that occurred and how long it took for the portfolio's value to rebound to hit a new high after suffering a loss.

Other Risk Metrics

Metric POSCO
Sharpe Ratio 0.3
Sortino Ratio 0.45
Adjusted Sortino (S/√2) 0.32
Calmar Ratio 0.05
Omega Ratio 0.05
Gain to Pain Ratio 0.06
Winckel Ratio 41.38
Ulcer Index 0.48
Kelly Criterion 2.78%
Skew 0.72
Kurtosis 10.11
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