Vanguard Small Cap Growth Index Fund (VBK)

NYSE Arca
USD
30 January 2004  –  3 February 2023

Performance

Annualized Return
9.19%
Sharpe Ratio
0.49
Maximum Drawdown
-58.69%

Metrics

Metric Vanguard Small Cap Growth Index Fund
Initial Balance $10,000
Final Balance $53,242
Returns   [View more details]
Month-To-Date 2.87%
Year-To-Date 14.87%
3M 14.63%
6M 2.89%
Annual Return (3Y) 5.31%
Annual Return (5Y) 7.57%
Annual Return (All) 9.19%
Risk   [View more details]
Annual Volatility 23.63%
Max Drawdown -58.69%
Sharpe Ratio 0.49
Sortino Ratio 0.68
Adjusted Sortino (S/√2) 0.48

  • Initial balance: The amount of starting capital used to invest in the asset or portfolio. In this case, we're starting with a $10,000 investment on January 2004.
  • Final balance: The amount of capital we've accrued over time as of February 2023.
  • Annual return: Also known as annualized return, or CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), measures how much an investment has increased on average each year, during a specific time period. The time period in this case is approximately 19 year(s). Even a small difference in return can have a big impact on the final balance over a long period of time.
  • Annual volatility: Basically indicates how much, in percentage points, the investment can deviate from its annual return, under most circumstances. An investment with an annual return of 5% and an annual volatility of 10% would indicate returns from approximately -5% to 15% most of the time. A lower volatility is usually preferred to ensure more steady returns over time.
  • Best year: The best performance attained over its lifetime in a given year.
  • Worst year: The worst performance undergone over its lifetime in a given year.
  • Max drawdown: The largest percentage drop from a peak to a trough of an asset or portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period.
  • Sharpe Ratio: The Sharpe ratio measures the performance of an investment compared to a risk-free asset, after adjusting for its risk. A Sharpe Ratio above 1 is considered good.
  • Sortino Ratio: The Sortino Ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that only penalizes the investment for negative volatility/outcomes, and not for positive volatility. A Sortino Ratio above 1 is considered good.
  • Adjusted Sortino Ratio: Sortino Ratio/√2. To allow for comparing the Sortino ratio to the Sharpe ratio, we multiply the risk measure of the Sortino ratio by the square root of 2 (which is the same as dividing the Sortino ratio by the square root of 2).
  • Ulcer Index: The Ulcer Index (UI) is a technical indicator that measures downside risk in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines.
  • Gain to Pain Ratio: The sum of all returns divided by the absolute value of the sum of all negative returns. In essence, the GPR shows the ratio of net returns to the losses incurred in getting those returns.

Annualized Returns

Annual Return 1y Annual Return 3y Annual Return 5y Annual Return 10y Annual Return 20y Annual Return
Vanguard Small Cap Growth Index Fund -5.99% 5.31% 7.57% 10.15% 9.19% 9.19%

Annual Returns

Year Vanguard Small Cap Growth Index Fund
2004 10.26%
2005 8.66%
2006 12.22%
2007 9.86%
2008 -40.31%
2009 42.79%
2010 30.95%
2011 -1.62%
2012 17.81%
2013 38.26%
2014 4.01%
2015 -2.63%
2016 10.88%
2017 21.87%
2018 -5.69%
2019 32.75%
2020 35.43%
2021 5.66%
2022 -28.44%
2023 14.87%

Vanguard Small Cap Growth Index Fund had 15 positive years and 5 negative years. That's a positive ratio of 75%.

Monthly Returns

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YTD
2004 0% 0.6% 0.3% -4.3% 2.4% 2.9% -8.3% -3.1% 6% 3.1% 7.3% 3.9% 11.2%
2005 -3.4% 1.7% -2.7% -5.3% 7.4% 3% 6.8% -1.1% 0.8% -3.8% 6% 0.1% 9.4%
2006 8.3% -0.2% 5% -0% -6% -1.3% -4.8% 2.1% 0.9% 5.6% 3% -0.2% 13%
2007 2.6% 0.3% 1.9% 3.5% 5.1% -0.5% -4.9% 1.5% 3.5% 3.5% -6.7% 0.2% 11.1%
2008 -9.1% -1.7% -1.3% 6.6% 6% -5.9% -0.8% 2.4% -12.6% -22.2% -11.9% 4.7% -42%
2009 -6.9% -9.9% 9.3% 16.7% 4.2% 2.3% 8.9% 2.7% 7% -6.7% 3.1% 8.8% 40.8%
2010 -3.7% 4.7% 8.1% 4.9% -7.5% -7.1% 6.9% -6.6% 13.6% 4.7% 3.8% 8% 29.8%
2011 0.9% 6.2% 3.2% 3.3% -1.7% -2% -3.9% -8.6% -11.4% 16.3% -0.7% -0.6% 3.4%
2012 7.2% 3.9% 2.2% -1% -7.2% 4.9% -1.3% 4% 2.6% -2.4% 1.7% 2.7% 17.8%
2013 6.1% 0.9% 4.9% -0.4% 4.4% -0.9% 6.8% -1.9% 6.1% 2.5% 2.4% 2.5% 33.4%
2014 -1.1% 5.1% -2.3% -3.8% 0.7% 5.8% -5.2% 4.7% -4.8% 3.9% 1% 0.7% 5.3%
2015 -0.9% 6% -0.3% -0.7% 2.7% -0.1% 0.5% -7% -5.6% 4.7% 2.4% -3.5% -1.4%
2016 -9% 0.1% 7.7% 1.3% 2.5% 0.5% 5.4% 0.7% 0.5% -5.4% 6.5% 0.7% 11.9%
2017 2.7% 2.7% 0.5% 1.4% 0.4% 2% 1.4% -0.4% 3.9% 2.3% 3.1% 0.3% 20.3%
2018 3.9% -3.2% 1.5% 0.3% 5.8% 1.2% 1% 7% -1.2% -11.4% 2% -10.7% -4%
2019 12.6% 5.8% 0.4% 3.3% -6.4% 7.3% 1.8% -2.4% -1.5% 1.5% 6.2% 1.5% 29.6%
2020 -0.3% -6.8% -18.5% 16.4% 10.8% 3% 5.9% 3.4% -1.5% 0.9% 14.2% 8.3% 37.3%
2021 2.2% 3% -2.4% 3.6% -2.7% 4.7% -1.3% 2% -3.9% 5.5% -6.1% 1.7% 7.7%
2022 -12.8% -0.3% 1.3% -11% -2.8% -8% 11.7% -2.4% -9% 7% 2.7% -6.3% -28.1%
2023 11.7% 2.9% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 14.1%
Pos 52.6% 70% 68.4% 57.9% 63.2% 57.9% 57.9% 52.6% 52.6% 68.4% 78.9% 73.7% 80%
Avg 0.6% 1.1% 1% 1.8% 1% 0.6% 1.4% -0.2% -0.3% 0.5% 2.1% 1.2% 11%

Other Return Metrics

Metric Vanguard Small Cap Growth Index Fund
Cumulative Return 432.42%
Enh Ann Return 11.95%
Best Year 42.79%
Worst Year -40.31%
Best Month 16.66%
Worst Month -22.19%
Best Day 10.74%
Worst Day -13.79%
Win Ratio (Yearly) 75%
Win Ratio (Quarterly) 68.83%
Win Ratio (Monthly) 62.88%
Win Ratio (Daily) 54.03%

Annual Volatility

Annual Volatility 1y Annual Volatility 3y Annual Volatility 5y Annual Volatility 10y Annual Volatility 20y Annual Volatility
Vanguard Small Cap Growth Index Fund 32.03% 31.09% 26.54% 21.62% 23.63% 23.63%

Sharpe Ratio

Sharpe Ratio 1y Sharpe Ratio 3y Sharpe Ratio 5y Sharpe Ratio 10y Sharpe Ratio 20y Sharpe Ratio
Vanguard Small Cap Growth Index Fund -0.03 0.32 0.41 0.56 0.49 0.49

3-Year Rolling Sharpe Ratio

The rolling Sharpe Ratio gives a clue about the continued consistency or stability of the risk-adjusted returns.

Drawdown Periods

Simply said, a drawdown is the "pain" period experienced by an investor between a peak (new highs) and subsequent valley (a low point before moving higher). In the table below are the fifth largest drawdowns encountered for the portfolio/asset in question.

Vanguard Small Cap Growth Index Fund

start valley end Drawdown days
2007-10-11 2009-03-09 2010-12-07 -58.69% 1153
2020-02-21 2020-03-18 2020-07-29 -38.71% 159
2021-11-09 2022-06-16 - -38.39% 451
2011-07-08 2011-10-03 2012-09-07 -28.93% 427
2015-06-24 2016-02-11 2016-12-08 -26.61% 533

The Vanguard Small Cap Growth Index Fund took approximately 18 months on average to recover from a major drawdown. The longest drawdown lasted 38 months.

Underwater plot

The underwater plot shows you the drawdown periods on a chart. Whereas the performance chart usually gives you a positive viewpoint, the underwater plot gives you a pessimistic viewpoint. It helps you to visualize downtrends that occurred and how long it took for the portfolio's value to rebound to hit a new high after suffering a loss.

Other Risk Metrics

Metric Vanguard Small Cap Growth Index Fund
Sharpe Ratio 0.49
Sortino Ratio 0.68
Adjusted Sortino (S/√2) 0.48
Calmar Ratio 0.16
Omega Ratio 0.16
Gain to Pain Ratio 0.09
Winckel Ratio 65
Ulcer Index 0.15
Kelly Criterion 4.6%
Skew -0.44
Kurtosis 6.93
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