Vanguard European Stock Index Fund Investor Shares (VEURX)

Nasdaq Stock Exchange
USD
US9220422052
18 June 1990  –  27 January 2023

Performance

Annualized Return
6.76%
Sharpe Ratio
0.43
Maximum Drawdown
-63.33%

Metrics

Metric Vanguard European Stock Index Fund Investor Shares
Initial Balance $10,000
Final Balance $84,524
Returns   [View more details]
Month-To-Date 9.18%
Year-To-Date 9.18%
3M 20.77%
6M 12.96%
Annual Return (3Y) 5.01%
Annual Return (5Y) 2.19%
Annual Return (All) 6.76%
Risk   [View more details]
Annual Volatility 20.12%
Max Drawdown -63.33%
Sharpe Ratio 0.43
Sortino Ratio 0.59
Adjusted Sortino (S/√2) 0.42

  • Initial balance: The amount of starting capital used to invest in the asset or portfolio. In this case, we're starting with a $10,000 investment on June 1990.
  • Final balance: The amount of capital we've accrued over time as of January 2023.
  • Annual return: Also known as annualized return, or CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), measures how much an investment has increased on average each year, during a specific time period. The time period in this case is approximately 33 year(s). Even a small difference in return can have a big impact on the final balance over a long period of time.
  • Annual volatility: Basically indicates how much, in percentage points, the investment can deviate from its annual return, under most circumstances. An investment with an annual return of 5% and an annual volatility of 10% would indicate returns from approximately -5% to 15% most of the time. A lower volatility is usually preferred to ensure more steady returns over time.
  • Best year: The best performance attained over its lifetime in a given year.
  • Worst year: The worst performance undergone over its lifetime in a given year.
  • Max drawdown: The largest percentage drop from a peak to a trough of an asset or portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period.
  • Sharpe Ratio: The Sharpe ratio measures the performance of an investment compared to a risk-free asset, after adjusting for its risk. A Sharpe Ratio above 1 is considered good.
  • Sortino Ratio: The Sortino Ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that only penalizes the investment for negative volatility/outcomes, and not for positive volatility. A Sortino Ratio above 1 is considered good.
  • Adjusted Sortino Ratio: Sortino Ratio/√2. To allow for comparing the Sortino ratio to the Sharpe ratio, we multiply the risk measure of the Sortino ratio by the square root of 2 (which is the same as dividing the Sortino ratio by the square root of 2).
  • Ulcer Index: The Ulcer Index (UI) is a technical indicator that measures downside risk in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines.
  • Gain to Pain Ratio: The sum of all returns divided by the absolute value of the sum of all negative returns. In essence, the GPR shows the ratio of net returns to the losses incurred in getting those returns.

Annualized Returns

Annual Return 1y Annual Return 3y Annual Return 5y Annual Return 10y Annual Return 20y Annual Return
Vanguard European Stock Index Fund Investor Shares -2.98% 5.01% 2.19% 5.03% 7.29% 6.76%

Annual Returns

Year Vanguard European Stock Index Fund Investor Shares
1990 -8.67%
1991 12.4%
1992 -3.32%
1993 29.13%
1994 1.88%
1995 22.28%
1996 21.26%
1997 24.23%
1998 28.86%
1999 16.66%
2000 -8.21%
2001 -20.3%
2002 -17.95%
2003 38.7%
2004 20.86%
2005 9.26%
2006 33.42%
2007 13.82%
2008 -44.73%
2009 31.91%
2010 4.91%
2011 -11.57%
2012 20.8%
2013 24.7%
2014 -6.67%
2015 -2%
2016 -0.8%
2017 26.82%
2018 -14.86%
2019 24.06%
2020 6.3%
2021 16.19%
2022 -16.15%
2023 9.18%

Vanguard European Stock Index Fund Investor Shares had 22 positive years and 12 negative years. That's a positive ratio of 65%.

Monthly Returns

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YTD
1990 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3.3% 4.5% -10.4% -11.5% 9.1% 0.9% -3.1% -8.2%
1991 2.8% 7.7% -6.8% 1% 1.5% -8% 7.2% 1.8% 3.2% -2.1% -2.6% 7.6% 13.4%
1992 0.1% 0.5% -3.7% 5.9% 5.5% -0.8% -3.7% 0% -1.6% -6.9% -0.4% 2.5% -2.4%
1993 0% 0.9% 5.1% 2.1% 1.6% -1.4% 0.4% 8.8% -0.2% 3.7% -2.2% 7.7% 26.2%
1994 4.7% -3.6% -3% 4.9% -4.1% -1.1% 5.3% 3% -4.1% 4.1% -3.8% 0.5% 2.5%
1995 -0.6% 2% 3.9% 4.2% 2.6% 1.2% 5.2% -4% 3% -0.6% 0.6% 3.1% 20.6%
1996 0.6% 1.7% 1.4% 0.6% 1.2% 1.4% -1.2% 3% 2% 2.2% 4.9% 1.9% 19.6%
1997 0.2% 1.3% 3.4% -0.5% 4.6% 5.3% 4.7% -5.7% 9.7% -5% 1.4% 3.6% 22.7%
1998 4.2% 7.8% 7.2% 1.9% 2.4% 1.2% 1.9% -12.5% -4% 7.8% 5.4% 4.2% 27.7%
1999 -0.8% -2.7% 1.3% 3.1% -4.9% 2.3% 0.8% 1.1% -0.8% 3.6% 3% 10.2% 16.5%
2000 -7.2% 5.3% 2.4% -4.3% -0.6% 2.3% -1.7% -1.1% -4.8% -0.8% -4% 6.9% -6.8%
2001 0% -8.8% -7.5% 7.1% -4.8% -3.8% 0.3% -2.6% -10% 3.1% 3.5% 2.6% -20.4%
2002 -5.1% 0% 5.4% -0.7% 0.1% -3.4% -11.1% -0.1% -13.1% 9.6% 4.9% -3.7% -16%
2003 -4.7% -3.3% -1.5% 13.5% 6.6% 1% 2% -0.2% 2% 6.6% 4.3% 8.2% 34.3%
2004 1.1% 2.9% -3.1% -0.8% 1.5% 1.6% -2.7% 0% 4% 3.6% 7.3% 4.2% 19.8%
2005 -1.9% 4.9% -2.5% -2% -0.1% 1% 3.8% 2% 2.2% -3.2% 1.3% 3.8% 9.4%
2006 6.6% -0% 3.8% 5.2% -2.4% 0.1% 1.7% 3.1% 0.8% 4.3% 3.8% 2.7% 29.9%
2007 1.2% -1% 3.8% 5.7% 2.5% -0.3% -2.9% -0.1% 5.2% 4.9% -3.7% -1.9% 14.7%
2008 -9.1% -0.3% 0.9% 4.4% 1.1% -9.2% -3.1% -3.9% -13.5% -21.8% -7% 7.5% -49.1%
2009 -13.7% -10.6% 7.8% 13.2% 14% -2.1% 10.8% 5.4% 5.1% -2.1% 4% 0.5% 33.2%
2010 -6.3% -1.1% 6.4% -2.9% -12.2% -1.1% 12.9% -4.3% 11.4% 4.7% -8% 8.9% 8%
2011 3.5% 3.4% -0.9% 8.2% -3% -2.1% -3.7% -10.1% -11.5% 11.9% -3.3% -2.1% -7.4%
2012 5.3% 5.6% 0.2% -2.3% -11.9% 7.7% 0.7% 4.5% 3.3% 1.6% 2.5% 3.5% 20.8%
2013 5% -3.2% 0.3% 4.3% -0% -4.3% 7.4% -1.3% 6.9% 4.1% 1.1% 2.6% 23%
2014 -4% 7.2% -0.7% 2.6% 0.8% -0% -4.1% 0.6% -4% -2.2% 2.1% -4.5% -6.1%
2015 0.4% 6.1% -2.4% 4.2% 0.2% -3.3% 2.5% -7% -4.1% 6.1% -1.3% -2.4% -0.6%
2016 -5.9% -2.8% 6.7% 2.8% -0.6% -4.4% 3.8% 0.7% 0.6% -3.4% -2.3% 4.7% 1.3%
2017 2.9% 0.6% 4.2% 4.1% 4.8% -0.8% 3% 0.1% 3.2% 0.4% 0.1% 1.5% 24.2%
2018 5.5% -6.1% -0.4% 2.2% -2.7% -1% 3.3% -2.7% 0.1% -7.9% -0.8% -4.7% -15.1%
2019 6.6% 3% 0.7% 3.9% -5.6% 6.4% -2.8% -1.7% 2.6% 3.7% 1.5% 4.2% 22.2%
2020 -2.8% -7.9% -17% 7.2% 5.7% 3.7% 3.7% 4.3% -3.2% -5.5% 16.7% 5.4% 11.5%
2021 -1.6% 2.6% 3.1% 4.8% 4.5% -1.6% 2% 1.7% -5.3% 4.7% -4.9% 5.8% 15.9%
2022 -3.8% -4.6% -0.5% -5.9% 2% -10.2% 5.2% -7.4% -9.7% 8.1% 13.8% -1.6% -14.5%
2023 9.2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 8.9%
Pos 57.6% 54.8% 59.4% 75% 59.4% 42.4% 69.7% 48.5% 51.5% 63.6% 60.6% 75.8% 67.6%
Avg -0.2% 0.2% 0.6% 3.1% 0.3% -0.6% 1.7% -1.1% -1.1% 1.4% 1.2% 2.7% 8.2%

Other Return Metrics

Metric Vanguard European Stock Index Fund Investor Shares
Cumulative Return 745.24%
Enh Ann Return 9.01%
Best Year 38.7%
Worst Year -44.73%
Best Month 16.75%
Worst Month -21.77%
Best Day 12.49%
Worst Day -11.81%
Win Ratio (Yearly) 64.71%
Win Ratio (Quarterly) 65.91%
Win Ratio (Monthly) 59.85%
Win Ratio (Daily) 54.27%

Annual Volatility

Annual Volatility 1y Annual Volatility 3y Annual Volatility 5y Annual Volatility 10y Annual Volatility 20y Annual Volatility
Vanguard European Stock Index Fund Investor Shares 25.2% 24.98% 21.02% 18.26% 21.91% 20.12%

Sharpe Ratio

Sharpe Ratio 1y Sharpe Ratio 3y Sharpe Ratio 5y Sharpe Ratio 10y Sharpe Ratio 20y Sharpe Ratio
Vanguard European Stock Index Fund Investor Shares 0.01 0.32 0.21 0.36 0.43 0.43

3-Year Rolling Sharpe Ratio

The rolling Sharpe Ratio gives a clue about the continued consistency or stability of the risk-adjusted returns.

Drawdown Periods

Simply said, a drawdown is the "pain" period experienced by an investor between a peak (new highs) and subsequent valley (a low point before moving higher). In the table below are the fifth largest drawdowns encountered for the portfolio/asset in question.

Vanguard European Stock Index Fund Investor Shares

start valley end Drawdown days
2007-11-01 2009-03-09 2014-04-29 -63.33% 2371
2000-03-27 2003-03-12 2005-03-01 -51.3% 1800
2018-01-29 2020-03-23 2020-11-24 -37% 1030
2021-09-03 2022-09-27 - -32.79% 511
1998-07-21 1998-10-05 1999-01-06 -25.91% 169

The Vanguard European Stock Index Fund Investor Shares took approximately 39 months on average to recover from a major drawdown. The longest drawdown lasted 79 months.

Underwater plot

The underwater plot shows you the drawdown periods on a chart. Whereas the performance chart usually gives you a positive viewpoint, the underwater plot gives you a pessimistic viewpoint. It helps you to visualize downtrends that occurred and how long it took for the portfolio's value to rebound to hit a new high after suffering a loss.

Other Risk Metrics

Metric Vanguard European Stock Index Fund Investor Shares
Sharpe Ratio 0.43
Sortino Ratio 0.59
Adjusted Sortino (S/√2) 0.42
Calmar Ratio 0.11
Omega Ratio 0.11
Gain to Pain Ratio 0.08
Winckel Ratio 58.82
Ulcer Index 0.19
Kelly Criterion 4.16%
Skew -0.34
Kurtosis 10.09
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